This interactive graphic lets you see the trend for how specific biblical verses quoted, normalized by the number of words in the Chronicling America collection for that year. This graphic includes the top 1,700 most quoted verses.1 (If you wish to investigate all the quotations, see the data export.)

How to explore the quotations: Enter verse references into the box below. For example, enter John 3:16 or Genesis 1:1. Or you can click the links below to get a selection of verses. The text of the selected verses will be displayed below. For each verse you have selected, a smoothed trend line will be displayed in the chart, and citations to each instance of a quotation will appear in the table below. Each instance of a quotation has a link to that page on Chronicling America, where the words that appear in the verse will be highlighted so you can find it on the page. Removing all references will show the trend for the Old and New Testaments, as well as the entire Bible. Use the sliders on the chart to select a date range for the table of quotations. Use the search box immediately above the table to filter by state, newspaper title, reference, or date.


  1. Some verses appear verbatim, or nearly so, in other places in the Bible. For instance, Psalm 107:8, 107:15, 107:21, and 107:31 are all the same refrain. In such cases, I have combined all of those references into one, counting it as occuring no more than one time per page. So you will find those four verses from Psalm 107 under the reference Psalm 107:8.